Are Hemp And Marijuana The Same?
No. Hemp is completely different from marijuana in its function, cultivation and application. Marijuana, as it is widely known, is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Hemp is used in a variety of other applications that marijuana couldn’t possibly be used in. These include healthy dietary supplements, skin products, clothing and accessories.
Marijuana contains many chemical compounds that create the different characteristics of the plant. Terpenes provide flavors and aromas, while chlorophyll in the leaves makes the plant green – but the most important chemicals in marijuana are the cannabinoids.
Are CBD Products Legal?
On December 20, 2018 President Donald J. Trump signed into law the 2018 Agricultural Improvement Act, otherwise known as the 2018 farm bill. This act contained language specifically inserted by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (KY) that completely legalized industrial hemp and ended nearly 80 years of prohibition on the plant. Hemp is now completely exempt from the definition of the controlled substance act (CSA).
Furthermore, the 2018 farm bill clarified the definition of hemp — often limited to fiber and seed — to include the entire plant, specifically the floral parts and cannabinoids derived from it. This put into motion the legal framework for the already burgeoning marketplace for hemp and CBD extracts.
The 2018 farm bill also opened up the ability for tribal lands to grow hemp and made provisions for USDA crop insurance and grants.
What Are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the chemicals that give the cannabis plant its medical and recreational properties. Among the 113 cannabinoids produced, THC and CBD are the most prevalent and the most well-understood. Most strains of marijuana sold today are cultivated with higher levels of THC.
THC is known for its psychoactive properties and is the reason you feel “high” after ingesting marijuana.
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and actually works to counteract the high. CBD also has numerous benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.
Whether produced by the body or in a plant, these naturally-occurring compounds all interact with the endocannabinoid system
What Is The Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system refers to a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules. You can think of cell receptors like little locks on the surface of your cells. The keys to these locks are called endocannabinoids. Each time an endocannabinoid binds to a cell it relays a message, giving your cell-specific direction.
Certain receptors are more concentrated in specific regions. CB1 receptors are abundant in the central nervous system. CB2 receptors are more often found on immune cells, in the gastrointestinal tract and in the peripheral nervous system. The diversity of receptor locations shows just how important endocannabinoids are for day-to-day bodily function. Each time an endocannabinoid binds to a cell, it relays a message, giving your cell specific direction.
The ECS helps to maintain optimal balance in the body – known as homeostasis. It also helps regulate sleep, appetite, digestion, hunger, mood, motor control, immune function, reproduction and fertility. pleasure and reward, pain, memory and temperature regulation.
When the ECS is disrupted, any one of these things can fall out of balance. When the body does not produce enough endocannabinoids or cannot regulate them properly, you are more susceptible to illnesses that affect one or several of the functions mentioned above.
The endocannabinoid system is extremely complex and plays important roles in many vital processes, and it holds promise as a treatment target for many debilitating conditions.
What Is The Entourage Effect, And Why Is It Important?
Cannabinoids, terpenes and other chemical compounds found in cannabis achieve limited success when working in isolation or as individual components. Research suggests that when these individual components of the cannabis plant support one another, therapeutic benefits are magnified. Together, they produce an effect that is greater than the sum of their parts. This phenomenon is known as the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect supports the idea that whole plant medicine is superior to pure extracts.
Will I Get High From Hemp?
No. While there are at least 113 known cannabinoids produced by the hemp plant, cannabis is identified by its two active ingredients: THC and CBD. THC is the only molecule in the cannabis family with a psychoactive component. It’s the only one that will get you “high.” CBD, even at extremely high doses, will not make you feel “high.”
There are hundreds of other cannabinoids, terpenes and phytonutrients present in the cannabis plant that are beneficial to overall health and wellness; unfortunately, they are improperly associated with the properties of one molecule, THC.
Section 7606 of the Farm Bill defines industrial hemp as cannabis plants with <0.3% THC. Our products contain a full spectrum of cannabinoids, including THC and CBD. To maintain compliance with all laws, our products are rigorously tested to ensure a level of <0.3% THC.
How Does CBD Help With Sleep?
Cannabinoids, and CBD specifically, are frequently used to improve sleep quality.
Cannabinoids modulate the endocannabinoid system in the body, a system that regulates multiple homeostasis activities, including balancing the sleep/wake cycle. Cannabinoids’ mechanisms to improve sleep duration and quality vary and include activity on TRP channels and CB1 receptors. only some While CBD is not a hypnotic-like other sleep medications that come with risks of side effects or dependency, CBD may help achieve sleep through its anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving mechanisms.
Multiple human studies have demonstrated CBD’s effects on improved sleep across various populations and clinical conditions.
A 1981 landmark review in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology concluded that those suffering from insomnia reported slept significantly more with cannabidiol than compared to placebo.
More recently, a 2017 systematic review published in the journal of Current Psychiatry Reports in concluded, “Preliminary research into cannabis and insomnia suggests that cannabidiol (CBD) may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of insomnia.” And “CBD may hold promise for REM sleep behavior disorder and excessive daytime sleepiness, while nabilone may reduce nightmares associated with PTSD and may improve sleep among patients with chronic pain.”
Additional research supports CBD’s potential to manage sleep disturbances. A large case series from 2019 concluded that CBD decreased anxiety scores and improved sleep scores in 72 participants. Furthermore, CBD may even improve REM sleep specifically in those with PTSD, as reported in a peer-reviewed 2016 case report.
Interestingly, while research supports CBD’s potential in improving sleep disturbances, it is unlikely to interfere with healthy sleep. One placebo controlled study demonstrated that CBD will not disrupt the sleep/wake cycle in those without sleep complaints.
CBD Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
There are no human trials on CBD’s safety in pregnancy and breastfeeding. We, therefore, cannot guarantee safety or recommend use in this population. We recommend consulting with your healthcare provider if you are interested in using CBD products while pregnant and/or breastfeeding.
Will CBD Oil Show Up In A Drug Test?
Gather round people and let’s talk CBD and drug testing. So, you’ve made your way here asking yourself the magic question, “Will CBD Oil Show Up in a Drug Test?” It’s a legitimate concern. One survey showed that 57% of all employers require drug tests, while a mere 29% said they never used them. That’s the majority of workplaces! And they aren’t the only ones who test, nor are they simply performed as a routine hiring practice. Employers might also issue drug tests at random to enforce compliance in accordance with company policies, or require them when someone is injured in the workplace to be compliant with local, state, and federal regulations. There are lots of additional situations where a drug test might be required, for sports athletes, parole requirements and substance abuse programs to name a few. There’s a lot of factors at play here and the simple answer is kind of well – complicated. It’s a solid- yes, no, maybe situation and for a variety of reasons; from compound to the individual to dosage, to the test itself.
Different Cannabinoids And Drug Testing
First, isolated CBD, also known as Cannabidiol, generally will not show up in a drug test. That’s mainly because drug tests are not looking for all cannabinoids; they’re looking for one specific cannabinoid. However, a full spectrum product will contain array of other cannabinoids (such as CBG, CBN, CBC, THCV, etc), which may show positive on a drug test. Currently we don’t know what other cannabinoids may trigger a drug test. It’s confusing right out of the gate, right? Let’s simplify by breaking down the facts to learn if your CBD Oil will show up in a drug test.
Drug Tests and Full-Spectrum CBD Products
First, let’s consider full-spectrum products. All of Ananda’s products are derived from hemp, which means they have a naturally low level of THC: less than 0.3%. This also means they are perfectly permissible under federal law and, thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, the cannabinoids in these products are permanently removed from the Controlled Substances Act. Due to the low level of THC, these products are not considered intoxicating. They won’t get anyone high.
Although unlikely, it is possible that someone could fail a drug screen when using these products. Drug tests look for elevated levels of the intoxicating molecule, THC. The drug test identifies if a THC level is above a particular threshold. If so, it’s considered positive. Theoretically, you could use enough hemp extract and therefore consume enough THC to truly surpass that threshold and trigger a true positive…but it would be pretty difficult. And expensive. (I’ve never observed it, but it’s certainly possible.)
And no, there is no “magic dose” of CBD oil / hemp extract that you can use and ensure you stay below the THC threshold in a drug screen. Metabolism of THC is highly individualized and depends on many variables, including body composition, activity level, dose, duration of use, etc.
However! What’s more likely is that hemp extract triggered a false-positive. This is because the most commonly used drug tests, urine and saliva immunoassay tests, are so common because they are quick, cheap, and easy. But unfortunately, they aren’t very specific. That means they can confuse one molecule for another, especially when they look alike. This can happen with CBD and THC, which would trigger a FALSE positive.
What To Do If You Get A Positive Result On A Drug Screen
If you get a positive result on a urine or saliva drug screen, ask for a more specific confirmation test, such as a blood test or a hair test. These are more expensive tests, but they are much more accurate. If using a THC-free product, these will show a true negative 100% of the time. If you are using a full-spectrum product with small amounts of THC, these tests will either show a 100% true negative or a small level of THC. This quantification of THC will help differentiate between use of a hemp product vs. use of a marijuana product.
AS OF FEBRUARY 2019, A CONFIRMATION TEST HAS SHOWED A 100% TRUE NEGATIVE IN EVERY CASE AT ANANDA WHEN SOMEONE HAS ASKED THEM FOR HELP WITH THEIR ORIGINAL PRODUCTS. BUT PLEASE KNOW IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THIS WON’T BE THE RESULT FOR EVERYONE. THC IS A CLINGY MOLECULE AND CAN BUILD UP IN YOUR SYSTEM OVER TIME. ANANDA WILL PUBLISH UPDATES ON THIS IF ANYTHING CHANGES AND AS MORE RESEARCH BECOMES AVAILABLE.
How Much Do You Have To Take For CBD Oil To Show Up On A Drug Test?
Again, everyone’s metabolism is different and medicines, liver, and kidney function all play roles in a positive or negative result. What kind of drug test is being administered is another factor. And dosage is yet another component in this risk assessment.
What About Drug Screens With THC Free-Products Or Isolate CBD Products?
We can guarantee that Ananda’s THC free products are 100% THC-free. This is reflected in the certificate of analysis, which is completed by an objective, third party-lab and made available on our website, confirming all traces of THC have been eliminated. These THC-free products from Ananda could be considered “broad spectrum,” as they still include other cannabinoids and terpenes to maximize benefits. They don’t make CBD isolate products at Ananda, because science supports the benefit of the entourage effect, but the same goes for isolate CBD and drug tests.
STILL, THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR THE CBD IN THC-FREE PRODUCTS TO TRIGGER A FALSE POSITIVE ON AN IMMUNOASSAY URINE DRUG SCREEN, AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
This is possible with any CBD product, even if it is CBD isolate. Their have been companies making guarantees that users will not fail a drug test, and that’s concerning because it’s not the whole truth. You CAN fail a drug test even when the THC is eliminated, because false positives happen with the most common tests. You just can’t get a TRUE positive. But you may need to ask for – and pay for (usually about $100)– a confirmation test to demonstrate that true positive.
We know this is frustrating and maybe not what you’ve heard elsewhere, but we are committed to honesty and transparency. No one can guarantee false positives won’t occur. We do not want to jeopardize your employment agreement or livelihood, contract with a pain specialist, commitment to sobriety testing, etc.
Stick to the THC-free line if you absolutely cannot risk failing a drug test. And even then, know that you may need to ask for a confirmation test if the urine or saliva tests shows a false positive. We recommend letting your employer, medical provider, or whoever is administering a drug screen know this ahead of time – just in case it becomes an issue. That way, you can assess if they are willing to follow these steps for a confirmation test, if needed. And who knows, maybe they will even cover the cost for the second test. On the other hand, they may say absolutely not – failing an immunoassay test is the end of the road. And then it’s your choice to decide whether or not using hemp-derived CBD products is worth that risk.
So, What Do You Recommend?
Ananda products do contain less than .3% THC and an array of other rare cannabinoids. Because of this, we CANNOT guarantee a negative drug test. If you are worried about passing a drug test for your employee or other reason, we do not recommend taking their products, as there is a chance you will test positive. If you have any questions, please send us an email to Valmed@valmed-hhs.com.